As a continuation of last week's program, we share certain, scriptural qualifications of a valid baptism in this broadcast. As we noted last week, this concept is nothing new. Prior to being called Primitive Baptists or even just Baptist, our forefathers were deemed "anabaptist" by the mainstream of the day for their practice of "rebaptizing" converts who had been sprinkled, rather than immersed in water by a preacher. They felt very strongly, as do we, that baptism was to be meet certain qualifications.
Listen to learn more!
Radio broadcast for February 7, 2015.
Within the Lord's church, Jesus has established two ordinances for Disciples to observe: Baptism and the Lord's Supper. From a message in 2015, we share some thoughts over the next two weeks on one of these two ordinances: Baptism. On today's program, we consider the history of Baptism, as well as how great of a blessing it is to follow Christ in gospel obedience.
Radio broadcast for January 31, 2016.
A phrase Jesus commonly used in His public ministry was "he that hath an ear, let him hear." This often overlooked statement actually contains great truth! For one, unless a man has been given "spiritual ears" he cannot hear the preaching of the cross on a spiritual level. But also, this phrase clearly demonstrates the fact that there are men who lack spiritual hearing.
This ought to cause us to stop and ponder how one comes into possession of these spiritual ears! Do you know how? Listen to learn.
Radio broadcast for January 24, 2016.
Does God always perform all His will? Does mankind always do God's will? Is everything that happens according to the will of God? We consider these questions on today's broadcast, as we study a crucial fundamental concept from the Bible, the will of God.
Radio broadcast for January 18, 2015
Were you asked to list the proper, Biblical order of salvation, how you would you respond? I suppose that answer would vary depending on the background of the person asked. Thankfully, God actually provided us with a passage of scripture listing each distinct step in salvation. Guess what? The entire "process" was all of God!
Romans 8:29-30 teaches us the comforting fact that God foreknew, predestinated, called, justified, and will glorify us. From before the foundation of the world to beyond this world into eternity, God has purposed everything necessary and required to deliver us to Himself. As David said, our salvation is "ordered in all things and sure."
Radio program for January 10, 2016
Is the gospel of Christ just another human philosophy? What is the purpose of the gospel ministry? Paul said gospel preaching is "foolishness," but what does that really mean?
From 1 Corinthians chapter 1, we learn the answer to these questions in today's radio program.
Radio broadcast for January 3, 2015.
It is the time of year when people commonly make New Years' Resolutions. While these aren't expressly Biblical and repentance shouldn't wait for January of each year, the new year does give us a marked occasion to stop and consider our ways. Our God is one of new beginnings and second chances, so what better time than the present to reflect on our lives and seek repentance?
Radio broadcast for December 28, 2015.
And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. - 1 Timothy 3:16
This time of year, folks love to think on the baby in a manger. But we should remember just who that baby was: God manifest in the flesh! Further, He is no longer a babe in a manger, but a reigning King and Lord of all. In this broadcast, we focus on the divine incarnation of the Son of God.
Radio broadcast for December 21, 2015.
This time of year is one in which music is very much a part of our lives. But, have you ever stopped to consider how great a blessing music is to mankind? From hymns and spiritual songs to Handel's Messiah, music has a way of accessing us on an emotion and even spiritual level. One can be "filled with the Spirit" through singing "spiritual songs." Of course, this ability of music also presents certain dangers, should we choose to listen to the wrong type of music.
In this broadcast, we consider the Biblical history of music and conclude with its place in the church today.
Radio broadcast for December 13, 2015.
Have you ever heard of the doctrine of Federal Headship?
This concept expresses the fact that Adam was a covenant representative to God for all of his descendants. When Adam sinned, his sin and its penalty passed on to all men. Likewise, Christ Jesus was a covenant representative to God for all the elect. On the cross, eternal life was secured for all men in Christ.
One important point to note in this study: Just as much as we were completely passive in regards to Adam and his representation of us unto death, so we are completely passive in Christ's work upon us unto life.
Radio broadcast for December 6, 2015
In our last broadcast, we considered the actual context of Romans 8:28 and concluded that in this text, Paul was speaking of God's actions on our behalf - whether in time or eternity - and not the sinful actions of men. In brief, sin never works for our good and is always contrary to God.
Continuing this sermon, today's message focuses on a principle that IS in play for God's children in times of trial, the fact that God is in the business of overruling terrible things in favor of His children. As Isaiah 61 proclaims, God exchanges ashes for beauty. We hope these two broadcasts have been clarifying and encouraging!
Radio broadcast for November 29, 2015.
"And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose."
Romans 8:28 has become one of the most widely quoted texts within Christendom. Often cited in moments of tragedy, well meaning believers insist this verse teaches that God is somehow orchestrating terrible things and will cause even the worst of human actions to somehow work for our good. But is that actually what this verse is teaching? Absolutely not! As a fundamental principle, things such as sin and Satan cannot work together with righteousness and God.
In this message, which will be divided into two radio broadcasts, we look into the actual context of this statement to find the meaning of Romans 8:28 and then consider actual - and comforting - principles which are in effect in our lives, such as God's overruling providence in giving beauty for ashes.
Radio broadcast for November 22, 2015
Scripture calls on us to be meek people, not thinking more highly of ourselves than we ought to think. But what does meekness actually look like? To summarize the definition from the Oxford English Dictionary, meekness is defined as 1) humility and gentleness, and 2) a lack of self-will.
Today on Words of Grace, we consider one example from the life of King David which demonstrates great meekness. May we emulate this commendable trait in our life! Listen to learn more.
Radio broadcast for November 15, 2015.
In our last two broadcasts, we've shared two bedrock, foundational principles from scripture concerning the nature of man: 1) A man's will is governed by his nature, and 2) After the new birth, a person has two opposing natures warring against each other, the nature of Adam (the flesh) and the nature of Christ (the Spirit or Divine nature).
In today's message, we conclude our thoughts along these lines with a message encouraging God's children to bear good fruit. What's the severity, you may ask? First, if God commands us to do something, that's reason enough. But also, as the salt of the earth, the decision to "walk in the Spirit" has a preserving effect on the culture around us. Listen to learn more.
Radio program for November 8, 2015.
In our last broadcast, we considered the fact that human beings indeed have a will to choose their actions, but that will is governed by their nature. The nature we inherited from Adam stands in full enmity against God, requiring men to experience a "new birth" in order to seek after God. This is why Paul proclaimed that "natural man," one with only Adam's nature, finds gospel truth to be foolish.
Today we consider another aspect of this subject: the fact that after the new birth, men possess both an Adam nature and the nature of Christ and these two natures are described as being at war against one another. This explains the great struggle a believer experiences each day of his life between righteous and wicked behavior.
Listen as we explore the descriptions of these two natures and also how to strengthen yourself against the lusts of the flesh, to live a life pleasing to God.
Radio broadcast for November 1, 2015.
Can an unsaved man choose God by his own free will? Before you answer, listen to this episode of Words of Grace in which we consider the fact that a man's will is governed by his nature.
Radio broadcast for October 25, 2015.
In the Lord's Supper, Jesus used two items present at Passover to symbolize His body and blood respectively - unleavened bread and wine. Jesus, doing nothing unintentional, chose these two substances because of certain inherent properties within them. The unleavened bread, being free from leaven, depicted Jesus' sinless body which would be broken for His people. The wine, exemplifying His purifying blood which would be shed for many.
In this broadcast, we consider interesting parallels between wine and the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Radio program for October 18, 2015
A quick glance at Hebrews 11 and you'll see that all the amazing victories of the Old Testament were rooted in one source: Faith! But sometimes we err in our perception that the brothers and sisters making up the "cloud of witnesses" of followers of God in scripture were "supersaints." Quite the contrary, they were men and women of like passions. In fact, the Bible is candid in recording both their triumphs and their failures.
Today we consider the truth about these victorious men and women, emboldening us to the fact that we - normal people who believe in Christ - too can triumph through this God-given faith.
Radio program for October 11, 2015.
Many people today claim to be "spiritual" but outright reject the notion of organized religion. Sadly, in our country, a nation wherein a large majority claim to be Christian, studies show that only between 20% and 40%1 attend church on a weekly basis. It's crystal clear from Jesus' preaching that discipleship is not possible without actually "following Him," and to follow Him we must assemble with the saints to worship Him and hear His word proclaimed. To say that another way, we can't be real Christians without being a part of a church body. Does this mean one must go to church to get to Heaven? No - salvation is by grace, not religion. But to be a FOLLOWER of Christ, I must assemble with the saints.
The main reason we go to church is because God is worthy of our worship. Were that the only reason, it would be enough. But there's more to it! Unlike harsh, cruel legalism with its demands, public worship is good for you! In this episode, we consider a few different ways in which assembling with the church personally benefits you. Listen, and then go to church!
Radio broadcast for October 4, 2015
Here are a couple of facts:
The Bible teaches election (God's choosing of a people) in Ephesians 1:4. The Bible also teaches Spirit-only regeneration (the new birth is all of God) in John 3:8. That brings up an interesting question to consider: Since God elected to save some and the Spirit works alone in the new birth, will every chosen person hear the gospel? Are there saved people who never hear the preached word?
Most people would strongly insist that everyone in Heaven heard the gospel, but we beg you to consider the case of deceased infants. Did they hear? How about mentally handicapped? Did they hear?? One may retort, "well, those are exceptions." But, scripture gives no exceptions in the new birth. As Jesus said, "so is everyone that is born of the Spirit." Eternal deliverance is a result of election, redemption, and regeneration (Romans 8:29-30), and is identical in application with everyone to whom it applies.
In Revelation 5:9 and 7:9, John saw a diverse people saved by Christ out of every nation and even every kindred (family). Yet a sizable portion of the human race has never heard a preacher, much less someone from every family. Further, Christianity in a generic sense has been a very Caucasian religion. This has led Historic Baptists and Primitive Baptists of today to the comforting - and Christ Glorifying - understanding that there are people in Heaven not privilege with gospel preaching or the local church, but are saved by Christ nonetheless because "the Lord knoweth them that are His."
Radio program for September 27, 2015.
Another fundamental concept to scripture is that of Redemption. Scripture uses word pictures common to everyday life to convey spiritual truth to us. One such concept utilized by Bible writers is redemption, a word which in its verb form redeem, means to buy something back by the paying of a price.
This prompts two questions:
1) When was the price of redemption paid in full?
2) When shall the Redeemer take full possession of the purchased product?
Listen and learn.
Radio broadcast for September 20, 2015.
How would you define the gospel? The term can be one of those words which folks feel like they know but can't precisely define. In this message, we seek to define the word 'gospel' itself, and then demonstrate what does - and doesn't - qualify as the gospel.
Radio broadcast for September 13, 2015.
How a person is born again, or vitally saved from death in trespasses and sins, is perhaps one of the most misunderstood concepts among believers today. In this broadcast, we present to you the terms used in reference to this Divine act and also what takes place when a person is born from above.
Radio broadcast for September 6, 2015.
Today's concept is one so fundamental and needful to understand, it ranks near the existence of the Godhead and the inspiration of God's word as crucial to grasp for a true working knowledge of the theology of salvation. What are we studying? Total depravity!
Why is this subject so important to know? First, it expresses why we need a Saviour. But it also explains why God's sovereign grace can be the only functional method of saving a sinner. Simply put, were it left to mankind to secure his own deliverance from sin, there would be none saved at all! But we thank our Lord for His grace through Jesus Christ, our Saviour!
Radio broadcast for August 30, 2015.
How is a man just with God? How does a man perceive his own right standing with God in his conscience? How do others come to recognize us as being saved people?
Continuing our series in which we define Bible concepts, we come to the subject of justification. As with any Bible concept, the disciple must approach this subject in a scholarly manner, seeking to "rightly divide" the word of truth. Similar to sanctification, the word justify has different settings and contexts in scripture and in short, there are different ways a child of Grace can be justified. The word itself is a legal term meaning "to declare one righteous," and so depending on the "court room" under consideration, we're justified by different things (blood, faith, works). Listen to learn more.
Radio broadcast for August 23, 2015.
It would be an understatement to say we don't exactly live in theological times. In our LOL and BRB culture, technical and precise communication is a rarity. But the scriptures use very detailed and intentional words to express divine concepts. To quote Solomon, preachers are to seek out to find acceptable words. Words have meanings, and help us wrap our minds around the reality of God's actions on our behalf.
In this broadcast, we consider the concept of sanctification, or being sanctified. Think sanctification is a simple, one size fits all occurrence? Think again! From objects and days to people, this word describes not only things God instructed to be used in His service and Holy days or worship, but also His eternal purposes and work on our behalf and our choice to abstain from carnal desires. Listen to learn more!
Radio broadcast for August 16, 2015.
Are you familiar with the doctrines of election and predestination? Ever heard of them? Maybe even afraid of them? These theological concepts are totally biblical and lay the framework for the concept of salvation itself. Don't shy away - listen and familiarize yourself with this truth.
Radio broadcast for August 9, 2015.
Scripture is emphatic that sinners are saved by God's grace, but what does that actually mean? In this broadcast, pastor Winslett defines the biblical concept of Grace and it's implications in your life.
Radio broadcast for August 2, 2015.
Is eternal salvation certain? If you follow a lot of contemporary ministries, you sure wouldn't get that impression. But a study of bedrock doctrinal statements from Bible writers such as Paul and the Lord Jesus Himself presents a totally different story! In fact, in John chapter 6, Jesus promised ALL that the Father gave Him shall come to Him, never to be cast out! How many? All! Listen and rejoice in the good news - Salvation is of the Lord!
Radio broadcast for July 26, 2015.
"For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another..." Romans 2:14-15
In Romans 2, Paul makes a parenthetical comment that there were Gentiles who lacked the Law of God, but lived according to the morality of the Law because God had written His laws on their hearts. Some take this to mean that everyone has God's law written on the heart - some sort of holdover from Adam being created in God's image. However, considering what other scriptures say about this concept and also the context of Romans 2, it becomes clear that Paul has something completely different in mind in this text: The change of heart made at the new birth! Listen to learn more.
Radio broadcast for July 19, 2015.
Last week on Words of Grace, we featured part 1 a message by Pastor Winslett in reaction to the Supreme Court ruling legalizing same-sex marriage across the United States. Contrary perhaps to what you were expecting, the main focus of that sermon was the fact that many times, our eye has not been single. We have neglected to "seek first the Kingdom" because our concerns have been so great for our particular country. Obsession might not be strong enough of a word - yet Jesus' disciples are members of a kingdom not of this world.
On this broadcast we share part 2 of this sermon, specifically focusing on things we CAN do. Is your spirit stirred within you as you survey our present culture? Listen to find out what you should do about it.
Radio broadcast for July 12, 2015.
The pulpit is not a place for politics. In fact, some argue that one thing hurting American Christendom today is our obsession with politics and political candidates. At the same time, there are occasions when national events are so disturbing that Pastors must instruct and comfort the Church of God.
On this and the following edition of Words of Grace, we are sharing the message Pastor Winslett delivered at Flint River Primitive Baptist Church on the Sunday morning after the Supreme Court decision allowing same-sex marriage nationwide. Today's broadcast, part 1, jars us into renewing our focus on God's Kingdom, rather than the kingdoms of men. Part 2, which airs next Sunday, will be specific instructions concerning our place in any culture and also what to do when our spirits are rightly "stirred" within us because of the moral decay of society.
Radio broadcast for July 5, 2015.
Bible students recognize that in the Old Covenant, men observed a Saturday Sabbath. Yet, throughout the New Covenant era, the worship of God has been on Sunday, a day known as The Lord's Day. Why is that? Are we in error? Pastor Winslett reasons through this important concept on today's broadcast.
Radio broadcast for June 28, 2015.
While the Bible doesn't use the word, a concept appears from cover to cover which we refer to as the sovereignty of God. We use this term to describe God's ultimate authority and dominion over His creation.
The subject of God's sovereignty is one that at present needs more emphasis and clarification from Bible teachers. Why is that, you ask? Some Christians are grossly unaware of the concept in general. At the same time, others take it to a perverse extreme, insisting God orchestrates all events here in time. There is a great need for precise, "rightly divided" teaching on the subject. Listen to learn more.
Radio broadcast for June 21, 2015.
Do you find yourself succumbing to sinful lusts? Sounds like you need to strengthen some spiritual muscles! Interestingly enough, Paul used this analogy of "exercise" or strength building to describe people who have become spiritually mature enough to abstain, to a greater degree, from giving way to their sinful inclinations. In short, because of our inherited sin nature we all fail - but we can all fail a lot less by developing a resistance to sin. Listen to find out more.
Radio broadcast for June 14, 2015.
Have you been on Facebook or watched national news lately? If so, odds are you've seen a story the media has sensationalized about a former Olympic medalist undergoing surgery and declaring himself to be a woman.
That begs the question: Can a person change his or her gender? Is gender even something we must officially decide, or does God and nature decide this for us?
In today's broadcast, we consider this topic in light of God's inspired word and also basic science.
Radio broadcast for June 7, 2015.
While there is absolutely no way for an elect person to be severed from the love and preserving care of God, Christ warned His disciples in John 15 that as vine branches only live and thrive if they abide on a vine, so we only thrive and bring forth fruit if we abide in Him. Worse still, the consequences of leaving our "Vine" here on Earth are outright destructive! Listen and be encouraged to abide still in Christ.
Radio broadcast for May 31, 2015
Near the end of the highly symbolic book, Revelation, a mysterious and intriguing concept is introduced - a "thousand" year reign with Christ. This is commonly called the "millennial reign" or "1000 year reign" of Christ and believers usually fall in to one of three theological positions in their understanding of this subject, post-mil, pre-mil, or a-mil.
In this broadcast, we define each camp in brief and then consider the passage itself along with other portions of scripture which teach about Christ's second coming, framing a Biblical understanding of the subject.
Radio broadcast for May 24, 2015.
Recently we discussed the concept of Spiritual Autopilot on Words of Grace. One of the areas wherein we often set our "cruise control" is personal evangelism. Either our lives are so busy or we've never realized this responsibility, so we leave sharing the gospel to someone else.
In this broadcast, we consider evangelism from a Biblical perspective. Paul wrote to Timothy, instructing him to "do the work of an evangelist," but what does that mean? Obviously this is a command but how does one do this work? Listen to find out more.
Radio broadcast for May 17, 2015
One historic metaphor Bible writers utilize to describe the relationship we have with our Heavenly Father is the relationship between a Shepherd and His Sheep. From the Psalms through the ministry of Jesus, God refers to us as sheep.
But that presents some questions: How did I become a sheep? What does Jesus do for His sheep? What do His sheep need to do for each other?
If you're unfamiliar with the concept of salvation by grace, this is a message for you.
Broadcast for May 10, 2015.
Recently, we've been studying through Old Testament prophesies of Jesus Christ in our Wednesday night meetings. This study has included some interesting ways people, things, or events have foreshadowed Christ. One such is the manna which fell from Heaven, called Angel's food, in the wanderings of the children of Israel in the wilderness. God sustained Israel with special provision.
Jesus, in John 6 says the manna foreshadowed His coming, and He was the true Bread of God. How so? what does this mean? Pastor Winslett discusses this interesting and comforting passage of scripture in this edition of Words of Grace.
Radio broadcast for May 3, 2015.
When God appeared to Moses from the bush that burned but was not consumed, Moses asked for God's name. His reply was both intriguing and comforting: I AM.
While some may find that to be confusing, this revealed title of God is actually intended to be a statement of His immutability and sovereignty in the midst of a time of sorrow and trouble. God is! Further, He does as He pleases, which includes delivering His children, ultimately from sin itself.
Radio broadcast for April 26, 2015.
One of the greatest dangers facing individual church bodies today is spiritual autopilot or cruise control. You might ask, "what does that even mean?" Let's define it is a discipleship without intention, purpose, and focus. When someone falls into this condition, service to God becomes an automated routine rather than an action born out of love and true zeal. This affects us as individuals and as church bodies.
For example, a person or church body on autopilot isn't concerned with evangelism. They may meet on time, every time, sit in the pews and listen and even enjoy the service. However, as they leave the four walls of the church building there is no drive to "do the work of an evangelist," seeking to harvest God's elect from fields already white unto harvest into His church. Autopilot is comfortable and easy. Our task to make disciples suddenly becomes less crucial. The problem is God never gave us permission to slack off on our duties to inform His elect of their salvation! Autopilot bears little resemblance to the Church depicted in Acts. This is but only one example.
In this broadcast, we consider the danger of autopilot and also several ways to be intentional in discipleship.
Radio broadcast for April 19, 2015.
One of the single most important questions in the history of the world was asked in Matthew 16, when Jesus asked His disciples "whom say ye that I am?" Who is Jesus of Nazareth? Not only is this question pertinent for discipleship, but His identity is crucial for salvation itself. In short, if Jesus was just another prophet or philosopher, we have no hope.
From the scriptures, elder Winslett shows that Christ was in fact, God Incarnate. Scripture records that there are three that bear record in Heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost and these three are one. Rather than being three separate deities, these three persons make up the one true and living God. The Word, God's Son, came to earth as Jesus of Nazareth. In short, God loved His people so much, He came to Earth via the womb of a virgin named Mary, lived among us, died for our sins, and was raised again the third day.
Radio broadcast for April 12, 2015.
This broadcast features a message preached "Resurrection Day" 2015 at Flint River Church.
The law was a "shadow" of good things to come, according to Paul in Hebrews chapter 10. That means even though the law was fulfilled by Christ on the cross, we can still look to it for lessons about Christ and His work. One might say Christ was concealed in the Old Testament and revealed in the New Testament.
One particular feast in the Old Testament which foreshadowed Christ was the Passover, in which a lamb was slain per house in Israel, and its blood applied to the door of their home. As you know, this feast was instituted in Egypt, when God judged that nation with one final plague - the death of their firstborn in a single night. As God passed through in judgment, He saw the blood of the lamb and passed over each Hebrew house.
In the New Testament, not only was Christ crucified on the Passover and raised the Sunday after, but Paul said in 1 Corinthians that "Christ our passover" was slain for us. Jesus was our Passover Lamb. As this past week was the anniversary of His crucifixion and Resurrection Day, our broadcast considers our Passover Lamb, Jesus Christ.
Radio Broadcast for April 5, 2015.
Angels are an intriguing subject. Most everyone claims to believe in Angels, but when discussed the image that comes to mind is a blonde female in a while dress with a halo and fluffy white wings. But is that depiction accurate from a Biblical perspective? Nay, not in the least.
In this program, we study through the Bible in search of the origin, nature, description, and purpose of angels.
Radio Broadcast for March 29, 2015.
He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. - Matthew 11:15
How does a man know God? Is a knowledge of God - or even spiritual truth about God - the product of human learning? Or does it take something more, something special? Keeping in mind that men, naturally, are enemies of God who reject His truth as folly, the words of Christ as quoted above become very clear. We must be given "spiritual hearing" to grasp spiritual truth.
In this broadcast we study the subject of Divine Revelation, when God reveals either Himself or truths about Himself to human beings.
Radio Broadcast for March 22, 2015
When a believer expresses a hope for eternal deliverance - rather than a boastful insistence in their own state righteousness - their experience with Christ is sometimes castigated as inferior or invalid. However, Scripture has some very positive things to say about true hope! Perhaps the idea that hope is a subpar expression or longing comes from a misunderstanding of the concept itself. You see, hope isn't merely a wish. No, it is defined as the expectation of something desired!*
Paul wrote in Romans chapter 8 that we are "saved by hope." What does that mean? How does hope save us? Is this salvation from sin, or from something else? We hope to answer those questions in light of the context of this verse.
Radio broadcast for March 15, 2015
Most Christians are aware, at least to some degree, of the work of Christ Jesus in their individual salvation from sin. But did you know that God the Father and God the Spirit had distinct roles in your deliverance as well?
In this broadcast we consider the mysterious triune nature of the Godhead and also the work each distinct person within the Godhead (Father, Son, Spirit) accomplished to deliver you, His child, to Heaven.
Radio broadcast for March 8, 2015.
Is your worship experience fulfilling? Yes? No?
It's our conviction that the way Christ and His Apostles conducted themselves in public worship is a superior way to worship, rendering to God the utmost glory and generating the most fulfilling experience for the worshiper possible. Our efforts aren't merely an attempt to be "old fashioned" or an indulgence in nostalgia but a sincere pursuit of the primitive worship found in the book of Acts.
So, how did the primitive Christians worship? Listen to find out, then visit us to see.
Radio program for March 1, 2015.